Soft Tissue Grafting

Gum tissue supports teeth to keep teeth in alignment but also protects teeth from infection by acting as a barrier against bacteria, plaque and tartar. Many individuals experience problems with gum tissue receding as they age but receding gums can also be caused by periodontal gum disease, brushing teeth too hard, infection or a genetic problem.

Receding gums can cause dental problems as the gum does not provide complete protection from tooth decay and infection, but receding gums also damage the appearance of the mouth making teeth look overly long. If the gums recede excessively exposing the tooth root, many people experience sensitivity in the tooth and are unhappy with the appearance of their smile.

Soft tissue grafts are used by dentists to rebuild the gum tissue around exposed teeth to prevent gums from receding further and to enhance the appearance of teeth.

Procedure for Soft Tissue Graft

Dentists in Mexico will perform the soft tissue graft with tissue taken from one of three areas:

Free Gingival Graft

Tissue can be taken from the roof of the mouth to replace missing gum tissue. The graft is then stitched around the exposed tooth root and attached to existing gum tissue. This is known as a Free Gingival Graft.

Pedicle Graft

If there is enough gum tissue covering adjacent teeth, dentists can stretch this tissue to replace missing tissue in a Pedicle Graft procedure.

Flap Incision

Using a flap incision, dentists are able to remove tissue from the underneath connective tissue layer of the roof of the mouth. The incision is sealed and the connective tissue graft is placed underneath existing gum tissue and stitched in place.

Once the graft has been stitched in place, the dentist will cover the graft with a protective dressing to allow it to heal. The healing process usually takes 1-2 weeks. After the soft tissue graft is securely in place, dentists may need to reshape the gum in a gum recontouring procedure.